Gorenjska lies in the northwest of Slovenia. To the north it borders Austria (Carinthia) along the Karavanke mountain range; to the west Italy (the Friuli-Venezia Giulia province) and the Gorica developmental region; to the east the Savinja region, and to the south it opens up towards the central Slovenian region. Gorenjska is crossed by the 10th European motorway and railway corridor. The town of Brnik hosts Slovenia's central airport, i.e. Ljubljana Airport (1.3 million passengers a year, 10% growth in 2006 over 2005). All this contributes to Gorenjska's favourable geo-traffic position and its relatively good accessibility.
Gorenjska is an Alpine region with a characteristic diverse mountainous landscape. Seventy percent of the region is a mountainous world, while only 29.8% lies in the depressed/lowland part of central Slovenia. As much as 40.2% of Gorenjska lies more than 1,000 metres above sea level, 59.4% is covered with forests, 30.6% is agricultural land and 10% infertile land. Additionally, 44.4 % of the surface area is incorporated into NATURA 2000 sites.
In Slovenia, when we talk of the Gorenjska region, we think of the Alps: the two thousand-metre summits of the Julian Alps which extend from the northwest of Slovenia across the border into Italy; the peaks of the Karavanke range and the Kamnik-Savinje Alps which link the north of Slovenia with Austria, and also, the connected Subalpine region full of surprisingly varied cultural and natural peculiarities. The Slovenian Alps are the northwest of Slovenia.
Covering 2,137 square kilometres which is 10.5 % of the Slovenia’s total surface, Gorenjska is the sixth in size of all Slovenian regions. Population density is under national average (93.4 inhabitants/km2). However, some parts represent larger densely populated and urbanized areas such as the regional centre of Kranj.
About regional development
Since Slovenia joined the European Union, the structural and regional policies have become important issues that concern Gorenjska and its competitiveness as well.
The concept of regional development, institutions and sorts of developmental incentives are determined in the Promotion of Balanced Regional Development Act (OJ RS, No. 93/2005), and regulation acts. However, the implementation depends on the regions and their own development ambitions.
Gorenjska wants to become one of the most dynamic regions in the Alpine area, with the development based upon partnership, entrepreneurship, knowledge, innovativeness, and openness. Gorenjska wants to go up. In the light of the established developmental paradigm and in compliance with the law, the region has organized its operation, and determined its Gorenjska Regional Development Programme 2007-2013 as well as its key projects.
The development region of Gorenjska with NUTS* level 3 has the population of 199.085. The region comprises 18 municipalities: Bled, Bohinj, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Gorenja vas - Poljane, Gorje, Jesenice, Jezersko, Kranj, Kranjska Gora, Naklo, Preddvor, Radovljica, Šenčur, Škofja Loka, Tržič, Železniki, Žiri in Žirovnica.
* NUTS - Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics
Basic statistical information of Gorenjska in comparison to Slovenia.
|Gorenjska||Slovenija||% v Slo|
|Area||2.137 km2||20.273 km2||10,5|
|Population (Jan. 2010)||202.903||2.046.976||9,9|
|No. of citizans / km2 (Jan. 2010)||94,9||101|
|Aging index of people (Jan. 2010)||110,3||117,8|
|GDP per person (2007)||14.497 €||17.123 €|
|No. of working people per residence (May 2010)||83.404||838.870||9,9|
|No. of working people per job position (May 2010)||70.688||838.870||8,4|
|No.of employed in the industry sector (Dec. 2009)||29.602||290.929||10,2|
|No. of employed in agricultural sector (Dec. 2009)||2.168||40.779||5,3|
|No. of employed in service sector (Dec. 2009)||39.180||512.947||7,6|
|Registered unemployment rate (May 2010)||7,9 %||10,5 %|
|No. of registered unemployed people (May 2010)||7.106||98.401||7,2|
|Share of people with tertiary level of education (2002)||7,9 %||8,0 %|
|Share of employed (employed in companies and other organizations) with tertiary level of education (Dec. 2008)||16 %||19 %|
|No. of companies (2009)||4.923||53.897||9,1|
|No. of self-employed (2009)||7.044||69.982||10,1|
|No. of new companies, entrepreneurships without predecessor (2007)||1.147||10.722||10,7|
|Added value per employee in companies (2007)||32.184 €||33.538 €|
|Average monthly net salary per employee (May 2010)||931 €||957 €|
|No. of farmers (May 2010)||1.485||29.091||5,1|
|No. of family farms (2000)||5.032||86.334||5,8|
|Average size of family farm (2000)||5,93 ha||4,80 ha|
|No. of tourists (2009)||497.337||2.722.002||18,3|
|Share of foreign tourists (2009)||72,5 %||61,3 %|
|Index of growth / decline of no. of tourists (2009/2007)||96,3||101,5|
|No. of overnight stays (2009)||1.360.742||8.302.231||16,4|
|No. of permanent bed places (2009)||17.687||84.602||20,9|
|Average period of stay of tourists (2009)||2,7 dni||3,1 dan|
|Share of NATURA 2000 areas||44,3 %||35,5 %|
Source: SURS, AJPES, ZRSZ – OS Kranj