IDEA Strategy
IDEA Strategy

Foremost the Eastern Slovakia consists of two smaller and historically known parts, which are called Košice and Prešov region – derived from the cities that are not listed according to GaWC – Globalization and World Cities i.e. have not reached even a label of “minimal evidence”. Contrary to regional development they are significant.  For the project was aimed on High Potentials, the next basic information were focused on demography and migration tables 1. We characterize Eastern Slovakia also by presenting GDP per capita (in Purchasing Power Parity) and registered unemployment rate in Table 2. As for inflation in year 2008 was 4,2% (HICP) according to NBS - National Bank of Slovakia. The unequal demography of people entering the labour market in year 2010 (i.e. people born about 20 years ago) is one of the factors influencing the supply of high potentials. But in twenty years from now the labour market may face the lack of high potentials due to smaller pace of increase of population. On the other hand migration reveals a potential for finding high potentials emigrating to Slovak Republic.

Table 1 Basic characteristics on population


Region, SR

2009 (persons)

A live-born child

Deths

Natural increase (decrease) in the population

Total increase (decrease) of population

Prešov region

10852

6730

4122

3056

Košice region

10160

7391

2769

2611

Eastern Slovakia

21012

14 121

6891

5667

Source: Štatistická ročenka SR, 2009,  ŠÚ SR, Štatistická ročenka regiónov Slovenska 2009, ŠÚ SR


Economy (structure, growth, development, employment, ...)

Table 2 Economic characteristics for Eastern Slovakia


Region, SR

GDP per capita – NUTS III (mil. PPS)

2008

2007

2007/2002

2007

Registered unemployment rate (RU) – NUTS III (v %)

PPS

ratio (%)

Ration on Region/SR (%)

Prešov region

12 390

134,2

55

13,0

Košice region

9 198

137,9

82

13,5

Total SR

16 852

152,2

 

9,6

Source: Štatistická ročenka SR, 2009,  ŠÚ SR, Štatistická ročenka regiónov Slovenska 2009, ŠÚ SR


Industry, Innovation and Technology (structure, key sectors, fields of strength, strategies ...)

As a matter of fact in Košice and Prešov region and Eastern Slovakia as a whole the prevailing sector according to NACE 2 was G meaning retail and wholesale, followed by K – real estate renting and business activities and third most common business activity was Manufacturing, Industrial section of economy. The least frequented were: J - Financial intermediation and M – education. Considering education being a factor of helping to “create” high potentials it can be evaluated as unfavorable condition of this region.
As for the decomposition of male and females in the sectors: both males and females are mostly employed in industrial sector (D), followed by Wholesale and retail trade (G). The third most popular sector of employment differs for male it is Real estate, renting and business activities(K), while for females it is Education (M). The least hiring positions for both men and women are Financial intermediation (J) and Hotels and restaurants (H).  To depict further employment situation and the labour market as a such we provide more statistics for two regions concerning the Classification of education within Economically active population by LFS – Labour force sample survey in table 3.

Table 3 Economically active population by LFS and education 2009 (in thous. Persons)


 Region

Education

Total

Male

Female

Košice region

Total

321,1

189

132,1

 

Priamary education

15

8,7

6,3

 

Vocational schools

125,4

83,9

41,6

 

Secondary education

132,6

72,6

60

 

University education

48,1

23,8

24,2

Prešov region

Total

304,6

169,4

135,3

 

Priamary education

7,7

3,6

4,1

 

Vocational schools

104,5

66,1

38,4

 

Secondary education

149,5

79

70,5

 

University education

42,9

20,6

22,3

Eastern Slovakia

Total

625,7

358,3

267,4

 

Priamary education

22,7

12,2

10,5

 

Vocational schools

229,9

150

80

 

Secondary education

282,1

151,7

130,5

 

University education

91

44,5

46,5

Source: Štatistická ročenka SR, 2009,  ŠÚ SR, Štatistická ročenka regiónov Slovenska 2009, ŠÚ SR



Central Europe - European Union - This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF.